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Rudyard Kipling Portrait

Rudyard Kipling

(Born December 30, 1865, Died January 18, 1936)

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Now this is the Law of the Jungle -- as old and as true as the sky;
And the Wolf that shall keep it may prosper, but the Wolf that shall break it must die.
As the creeper that girdles the tree-trunk the Law runneth forward and back --
For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, and the strength of the Wolf is the Pack.

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Kipling gained renown throughout the world as a poet and storyteller. He was also known as a leading supporter of the British Empire. As apparent from his stories and poems, Kipling interested himself in the romance and adventure which he found in Great Britain's colonial expansion.

Kipling was born on Dec.30, 1865, in Bombay, where his father directed an art school. He learned Hindi from his nurse, and he also learned stories of jungle animals. At six, he was sent to school in England, but until he was 12, poor health kept him from attending. At 17, Kipling returned to India and soon became a journalist. He wrote sketches and verses which at first were used as fillers for unused editorial space. Many were later published in Departmental Ditties (1886). At this time, he also created his soldiers three, and Irishman, a Cockney, and a Yorkshireman, the bases for his 1888 humorous tale Soldiers Three.

In 1889, Kipling return to England. In the 1890s, he developed a great interest in folk legends and animal myths. The Jungle Book (1894) and Just So Stories (1902) give the wit and wisdom of the animals who can talk. The stories of Mowgli, a man-cub who was the central character in The Jungle Book, brought Kipling great popularity in England and the United States.

Kipling composed many of his poems while living for several years in the United States in the mid-1890s. His poems became famous for their lively, swinging rhythm. Typical are Gunga Din and Mandalay. The first tells of the courage of an Indian boy who is shot while carrying water to British soldiers in the thick of battle. Mandalay tries to capture the strange atmosphere of the east.

In 1896, Kipling returned to England from the United States. By then, he was a controversial figure because of his views toward empire, which many misunderstood. In many of his works, Kipling seemed to imply that it was the duty of Great Britain to carry the white man's burden by civilizing backward races. But he was not just the shallow imperialist that his critics tried to make him appear. His famous poem, Recessional, written in 1897 in honor of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, contains a strong warning to the British not to exploit other races.

In 1900, Kipling went to South Africa to report the Boer War for an English newspaper. In 1905, Kipling completed Kim, his first major novel. In it he gives a colorful and dramatic picture of the complicated life of the Indian People, as seen through the eyes of the poor orphan boy, Kim. Kipling received the 1907 Nobel prize for literature.

Before World War I, Kipling became active in politics. he widely lectured and wrote for the British cause both before and during the war. His only son was killed in World War I. After the war, Kipling wrote Songs for Youth (1925), another of his highly popular works.

Dmitry Karshtedt

The Absent-Minded Beggar
The Advertisement
Akbar's Bridge
Alnaschar and the Oxen
An American
The American Rebellion
Anchor Song
"Angutivaun Taina"
The Answer
The Anvil
The Appeal
Arithmetic On the Frontier
Army Headquarters
As the Bell Clinks
An Astrologer's Song
At His Execution
Azrael's Count
"Back to the Army Again"
The Ballad of Boh Da Thone
The Ballad of Bolivar
A Ballade of Burial
The Ballad Of the Cars
The Ballad of the "Clampherdown"
The Ballad of East and West
Ballad of Fisher's Boarding-House
A Ballad of Jakko Hill
The Ballad of the King's Jest
The Ballad of the King's Mercy
The Ballad of Minepit Shaw
The Ballad of the Red Earl
Banquet Night
Beast and Man in India
The Bee-Boy's Song
The Bees and Flies
"Before a Midnight Breaks in Storm"
The Beginner
The Beginning
The Bells and Queen Victoria
The Bell Buoy
The Benefactors
The Betrothed
Big Steamers
Bill 'awkins
"Birds of Prey March"
The Birthright
Blue Roses
The Bother
The Boy Scouts' Patrol Song
The Braggart
Bridge-Guard in the Karroo
A British-Roman Song
The Broken Men
Brookland Road
Brown Bess
Buddha at Kamakura
The Burden
The Burial
"By the Hoof of the Wild Goat"
Cain and Abel
The Captive
Carmen Circulare
A Carol
The Centaurs
Certain Maxims of Hafiz
The Changelings
Chapter Headings
A Charm
Chartres Windows
The Children
The Children's Song
A Child's Garden
Chil's Song
Cholera Camp
Christmas in India
"Cities and Thrones and Powers"
"The City of Brass"
The City of Sleep
The Clerks and the Bells
The Coastwise Lights
A Code of Morals
The Coiner
Cold Iron
The Comforters
The Consolations of Memory
The Conundrum of the Workshops
A Counting-Out Song
The Craftsman
Cuckoo Song
The Cure
Danny Deever
Darzee's Chaunt
The Dawn Wind
The Day's Work
The Dead King
A Death-Bed
The Declaration of London
Dedication from "Barrack-Room Ballads"
A Dedication
The Deep-Sea Cables
A Departure
The Derelict
The Destroyers
Dinah in Heaven
Dirge of Dead Sisters
The Disciple
Divided Destinies
The Dove of Dacca
The Dutch in the Medway
The Dying Chauffeur
The Dykes
The 'eathen
Eddi's Service
Edgehill Fight
The Egg-Shell
England's Answer
The English Flag
The English Way
Et Dona Ferentes
Evarra and His Gods
The Expert
The Explanation
The Explorer
The Fabulists
The Fairies' Siege
The Fall of Jock Gillespie
"Farewell and adieu..."
The Feet Of the Young Men
The Female of the Species
The Fires
The First Chantey
The Flight
The Floods
The Flowers
"Follow Me 'ome"
"For All We Have And Are"
Ford O'Kabul River
For to Admire
The Four Angels
The Four Points
Frankie's Trade
The French Wars
The Friends
The Galley-Slave
Gallio's Song
General Joubert
A General Summary
Gertrude's Prayer
Giffen's Debt
The Gift of the Sea
The Gipsy Trail
Gipsy Vans
The Glories
The Glory of the Garden
The Gods of the Copybook Headings
The Grave of the Hundred Head
The Greek National Anthem
Gunga Din
Half-Ballade of Waterval
Harp Song of the Dane Women
"Helen All Alone"
Heriot's Ford
The Heritage
His Apologies
The Holy War
The Hour of the Angel
The Houses
Hunting-Song of the Seeonee Pack
Hymn Before Action
Hymn of Breaking Strain
Hymn of the Triumphant Airman
Hymn to Physical Pain
The Idiot Boy
"I Keep Six Honest..."
An Imperial Rescript
In the Matter of One Compass
In the Neolithic Age
In Springtime
The Instructor
The Inventor
The Irish Guards
The Islanders
The Jacket
James I
Janes Marriage
The Jester
Jubal and Tubal Cain
The Juggler's Song
The Jungle Books
The Junk and the Dhow
The Justice's Tale
Just So Stories
The King
The King and the Sea
The Kingdom
The King's Job
The King's Pilgrimage
The King's Task
Kitchener's School
The Ladies
Lady Geraldine's Hardship
The Lament of the Border Cattle Thief
The Land
The Landau
The Last Chantey
The Last Department
The Last Lap
The Last Ode
The Last of the Light Brigade
The Last Rhyme of True Thomas
The Last Suttee
"Late Came the God"
The Law of the Jungle (From The Jungle Book)
The Legend of Evil
The Legend of the Foreign Office
The Legend of Mirth
A Legend of Truth
L'envoi to "Life's Handicap"
The Lesson
The Light That Failed
The Liner She's a Lady
London Stone
The Long Trail
The Looking-Glass
Lord Roberts
The Lost Legion
The Lovers' Litany
The Love Song of Har Dyal
The Lowestoft Boat
Macdonough's Song
The Man Who Could Write
Many Inventions
The Mare's Nest
The Married Man
The "Mary Gloster"
"Mary, Pity Women!"
Mary's Son
The Masque of Plenty
The Master-Cook
McAndrew's Hymn
"The Men That Fought at Minden"
The Merchantmen
Merrow Down
Mine Sweepers
The Miracles
The Moon of Other Days
The Moral
Morning Song in the Jungle
The Mother-Lodge
Mother o' Mine
The Mother's Son
Mowgli's Song
Mowgli's Song Against People
Mulholland's Contract
My Boy Jack
My Father's Chair
My Lady's Law
"My New-Cut Ashlar"
My Rival
The Native Born
A Nativity
Natural Theology
The Naulahka
The Necessitarian
The New Nighthood
Norman and Saxon
The North Sea Patrol
La Nuit Blanche
The Nurses
The Nursing Sister
The Old Men
The Old Issue
Old Mother Laidinwool
An Old Song
The Oldest Song
One Viceroy Resigns
The Only Son
The Open Door
"Our Fathers Also"
Our Fathers of Old
Our Lady of the Sackcloth
The Outlaws
Outsong in the Jungle
The Overland Mail
A Pageant of Elizabeth
Pagett, M.P.
The Palace
Pan in Vermont
Parade-Song of the Camp-Animals
The Parting of the Column
The Peace of Dives
The Penalty
Pharaoh and the Sergeant
A Pict Song
A Pilgrim's Way
The Pink Dominoes
The Pirates In England
The Playmate
The Plea of the Simla Dancers
Poceidon's Law
"Poison of Asps"
"Poor Honest Men"
The Portent
Poseidon's Law
The Post That Fitted
The Power of the Dog
The Prairie
The Prayer
The Prayer of Miriam Cohen
A Preface
The Press
The Pro-Consuls
The Prodigal Son
The Progress of the Spark
Prophets at Home
Public Waste
Puck's Song
The Puzzler
The Queen's Men
The Question
The Rabbi's Song
The Recall
A Recantation
Rector's Memory
The Reeds of Runnymede
The Reformers
The Return
The Return of the Children
The Rhyme of the Three Captains
The Rhyme of the Three Sealers
A Ripple Song
The Rivers Tale
Road-Song of the Bandar-Log
The Roman Centurion's Song
Romulus and Remus
Route Marchin'
The Rowers
The Runes on the Weland's Sword
The Run of Downs
The Rupaiyat of Omar Kal'vin
Russia to the Pacifists
The Sacrifice of Er-Heb
The Scholars
A School Song
The Sea And the Hills
Seal Lullaby
The Sea-Wife
The Second Voyage
The Secret of the Machinery
The Sergeant's Weddin'
A Servant When He Reigneth
Sestina of the Tramp-Royal
Seven Watchmen
Shillin' a Day
Sir Richard's Song
A Smuggler's Song
"Soldier an' Sailor Too"
Soldier, Soldier
The Song at Cock-Crow
A Song in the Desert
A Song in Storm
The Song of the Bunjo
A Song of Bananas
The Song of the Cities
The Song of the Dead
Song of Diego Valdez
The Song of the Dynamo
The Song of the English
Song of the Fifth River
A Song of French Roads
Song of the Galley-Slaves
A Song of Kabir
The Song of the Little Hunter
Song of the Men's Side
The Song of the Old Guard
Song of the Red War-Boat
The Song of Seven Cities
Song of Seventy Horses
The Song of the Sons
A Song of Travel
A Song of the White Men
Song of the Wise Children
The Song of the Women
The Songs of the Lathes
A Song to Mithras
The Sons of Martha
South Africa
The Spies' March
A St. Helen Lullaby
The Storm Cone
The Story of Ung
The Story of Uriah
The Stranger
Study of Elevation, In Indian Ink
"Such as in Ships"
Supplication of the Black Aberdeen
The Supports
The Survival
A Tale of Two Cities
Tarrant Moss
Things and the Man
Thorkild's Song
The Thousandth Man
The Three-Decker
A Three-Part Song
The Threshold
"Tin Fish"
To the City of Bombay
To the Companions
To James Whitcomb Riley
To a Lady, Persuading Her to a Car
To Motorists
To T. A.
The Totem
To Thomas Atkins
To the True Romance
To the Unknown Goddess
To Wolcott Balestier
The Tour
"The Trade"
A Translation
A Tree Song
The Truce of the Bear
A Truthful Song
Two Kopjes
Two Months
The Two-Sided Man
Two Races
The Undertaker's Horse
The Vampire
"Very Many People"
The Verdicts
The Veterans
The Vineyard
The Virginity
The Voortrekker
The Wage-Slaves
The Waster
The Way Through the Woods
We and They
The Wet Litany
What Happened
What the People Said
When Earth's Last Pictures Is Painted
"When the Great Ark"
"When the Jorney Was Intented To the City"
"When 'Omer Smote..."
The Widower
White Horses
The White Man's Burden
The Widow's Party
The Widow at Windsor
Wilful Missing
The Winners
The Wishing-Caps
With Drake in the Tropics
With Scindia to Delphi
"You Must n't Swim..."
The Young British Soldier
The Young Queen

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